ERIC Number: ED257568
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
A Structural Equations Analysis of Negative Emotional/Behavioral States and Adjustment.
Hertzog, Christopher; And Others
This investigation used data from the 28-year-old New York Longitudinal Study to examine the relationship between various negative emotional and behavioral characteristics (e.g., aggression, anxiety, undercompliance, depressive mood) and adjustment. A total of 133 white, middle-class children were rated on these negative characteristics from infancy to adolescence. Measures of family, peer, and personal adjustment were also obtained. Because of the longitudinal nature of the data, it was possible to use structural equation models to address the following questions: (1) are these negative behaviors stable from early life through adolescence? (2) do these emotional characteristics relate to adjustment in childhood and adolescence? and (3) do these emotional characteristics differentially predict multiple adjustment dimensions in adolescence? Two factors of negative emotional behavior, marked by aggression and anxiety, were identified in early and late childhood, and were found to have relatively high stability of individual differences. A differential pattern of prediction for adjustment was also found: aggression predicted maladjustment in family and school settings, whereas anxiety predicted maladjustment in peer relations. Moreover, emotional problems before age seven provided better prediction of adolescent adjustment problems than did either later emotional problems or childhood adjustment ratings. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, April 25-28, 1985).