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ERIC Number: ED257550
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Sep
Pages: 69
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Een Serie Experimenten Over Het Uitkijkgedrag van Kleuters (A Series of Experiments of Kindergarten Children Looking Out for Traffic Standing at the Curb).
Vinje, Marja
In a series of experiments, kindergarten children were to look out for traffic while standing at a curb and to tell the experimenter when they could cross the street. In trials without oncoming traffic clear differences were found between 4-year-old children and older kindergarten children. The 4-year-olds most often looked in one direction only. The older children, in contrast, did look in both directions. However, they did not do so as often when traffic approached. Their looking behavior after the passage of a car was especially inadequate, because they either did not continue to look out for traffic, or they looked in one direction only. Involving 23 kindergarten children and 23 third graders, the final experiment compared subjects' looking behavior after traffic passed. Trials with one and two passing cars were conducted. After the passage of the first car both groups of children frequently did not look in both directions, but third graders more often checked both traffic directions. However, the behavior of the kindergarten children cannot be considered unsafe, because under these circumstances at least 87 percent of the oncoming cars were detected, as shown by the fact that the children looked in the direction from which the car was coming. (Author/RH)
Traffic Research Centre, University of Groningen, Rijksstraatweg 76, 9752 AH HAREN, Netherlands (no price quoted).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: Dutch
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of Groningen (Netherlands).
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands