ERIC Number: ED257516
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Locus of Control: A Comparison of Developmental Studies, Undergraduate, and Graduate Students.
Cartledge, Carolyn M.; And Others
A study was conducted to compare the locus of control of developmental studies, graduate, and undergraduate students enrolled in a four-year institution in the University System of Georgia. The study utilized Rotter's Internal-External locus of control scale which differentiates individuals on the basis of the person's perceptions that outcomes in life are due primarily to forces within her/his control (internal) or to factors beyond her/his control such as luck or fate (external). The 29-item test (with 23 relevant items) was administered to 88 developmental studies students, 69 undergraduates, and 62 graduate students. Using two- and three-factor analyses of variance, study findings revealed: (1) there were significant correlations between student type, employment status, and age level of students with scores on the locus of control index, but no significant differences on the basis of race or sex; (2) students who worked full-time, those over 25, and graduate students had significantly more internal locus of control; and (3) the most significant difference in locus of control occurred on the basis of age between those age 18-25 and those 26 and older and on the basis of student type between graduate students and developmental and undergraduate students. The report includes a discussion of the implications of the study. (HB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Developmental Studies Conference (Jekyll Island, GA, April, 1985).