ERIC Number: ED257339
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Mar-31
Reference Count: N/A
Application of a Conceptual Model of College Withdrawal to Disadvantaged Students.
Fox, Richard N.
Retention and attrition after the freshman year among disadvantaged students at a senior college of the City University of New York were studied. A conceptual model of Tinto (1975) was applied to a group of students participating in the Search for Education, Elevation, and Knowledge (SEEK) program, which provided remedial and/or developmental instruction in reading, writing, and/or mathematics, as well as supplementary stipends, academic and personal counseling, and tutoring. The sample was approximately 49 percent Black, 38 percent Hispanic, and 13 percent other (White, Asian, Caribbean, and Latin American). Attention was directed to student characteristics and family background, educational background, student goals, academic and social integration, and persistence/withdrawal. The results indicate that Tinto's model was sensitive to the dimensions of student-institutional fit operating in the situation, while showing that academic integration was the most salient aspect of development for this group of students. In particular, the receipt of unofficial withdrawal grades in individual classes, which reflects psychological disengagement in addition to academic difficulty, showed an ability to identify students for whom attrition is an immediate possibility. (Author/SW)
Descriptors: Academic Advising, Academic Persistence, Basic Skills, College Students, Developmental Studies Programs, Disadvantaged, Higher Education, Minority Groups, Models, Predictor Variables, Remedial Programs, School Holding Power, Student Attrition, Student Characteristics, Student College Relationship, Tutoring
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A