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ERIC Number: ED257334
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Pages: 52
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
An Update on the Organization and Administration of Learning Assistance Programs in U.S. Senior Institutions of Higher Education.
Dempsey, Beverly June Luke
The history of learning assistance (e.g., courses, tutorials, and counseling) in U.S. senior colleges is traced, starting with the period 1830-1875. With the establishment of New York University in 1830 came a growth of liberal education over classical training and a new emphasis on instruction in English and preparatory education. When the 1862 Morrill Act established land-grant colleges, new courses increased the need for preparatory courses. Additional developments include: the founding of the College Entrance Examination Board in 1890 and a move to uniform college admission requirements; the need for greatly improved reading and writing skills with the development of humanities and science courses; emphasis on research and on the library as the headquarters of the scholar; the emergence of counseling and guidance programs; reading studies and the first reading tests for college students; the first survey of remedial assistance in 1929; the introduction of standardized tests for college students; special admissions for low income groups; and the growth of learning centers and developmental education. Also discussed are: surveys of remedial reading in the early 1940s; research on college assistance programs since the 1950s; and a current literature review of programs. (SW)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A