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ERIC Number: ED257263
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Training of Creativity as an Operant in Young Children.
Goetz, Elizabeth M.
A series of studies was conducted to examine effects of various types of praise and of instructions and primes on the making of a different/new form or the using of an object in a unique way by preschoolers. Generalization of creative behavior within a response set of a given task and from a trained task to an untrained (transfer) task was examined to assess whether there was an overall creativity skill. Effects of a time and material limit were considered, maintenance of a trained behavior was tested, and a flexible creativity code was developed as an individual creativity measure. Tasks included blockbuilding, easel painting, and tool use. Among conclusions drawn were that novel behavior may be influenced by varying types of contingent praise; some generalization of creative behavior does occur; instructions, prompts, and/or exemplars combined with reinforcement may bring about creative behavior; and material and time limits do not seem to adversely influence creativity training. Questions for further research are posed. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Canada, August 24-28, 1985).