NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED257170
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-May
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Japanese Communication Patterns: Insider Versus the Outsider Perspective.
Ting-Toomey, Stella
A study was conducted to examine core Japanese communication patterns, as viewed from insider and outsider perspectives. Using a semistructured interview method and a theme analysis method, four Japanese cultural communication themes were uncovered during the four month study: (1) communication style--concealment versus revelation, (2) communication ritual--obligatory reciprocity versus voluntary reciprocity, (3) relational placement--complementarity versus symmetry, and (4) relational distance--remoteness versus closeness. Forty-two interviewees were involved in the project: 28 outsiders and 14 insiders. The following conclusions were made. For the Japanese, a concealing style of interactions serves vital human relationship functions and connotes important interactional value when compared to a "revealing" style of interaction. Obligatory reciprocity exists in social relationships. Through relational placement, people know where they stand in the hierarchy and what is expected of them; and through relational distance, they know what degree of closeness to expect from intimates and acquaintances. Awareness of these themes helps people cope with relationships and asserts pressure for them to carry out their roles in society. (EL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan