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ERIC Number: ED257126
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Covering Causes of Social Upheaval.
Martindale, Carolyn
Noting that not much research has addressed critics' observations that the press devotes little attention to the underlying causes of social protest and upheaval, a study was conducted to examine five newspapers' coverage of civil rights protests--and their causes--during the 1960s. Four leading newspapers from different geographical areas--the "New York Times," the Atlanta "Constitution," the Boston "Globe," and the Chicago "Tribune"--were selected as representative of resource-rich and influential newspapers. The Youngstown (Ohio) "Vindicator," was also selected, partly to obtain a contrast to the larger papers and partly to ascertain the nature of causes coverage in a paper that relied on wire services rather than its own reporters. Items concerning black Americans' protests in 66 issues of each newspaper from 1950 to 1980 were studied. The portion of each item focusing on reasons for the protest was measured in column inches. The results indicated that during the 1960s, the period when they ran the largest amount of coverage of black protests, the papers gave explanation of the causes of the protests the smallest amount of space--an average of only 5%. For issues in the 1970s, most newspapers studied gave a much higher percentage of their protest coverage to explanation of the causes. The study supported the criticisms that the press had failed to provide much explanation of the causes of the protests in the l960s. (HTH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A