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ERIC Number: ED257099
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Rhetorical Cycle: Reading, Thinking, Speaking, Listening, Discussing, Writing.
Keller, Rodney D.
The rhetorical cycle is a step-by-step approach that provides classroom experience before students actually write, thereby making the writing process less frustrating for them. This approach consists of six sequential steps: reading, thinking, speaking, listening, discussing, and finally writing. Readings serve not only as models of rhetorical modes and devices, but allow students to stockpile information. Students also learn to summarize ideas, synthesize those ideas in essays about personal experiences, and evaluate the significance of what they are doing. The thinking step involves invention, prewriting, organization, and strategies for good writing. The section is structured by having students brainstorm, list their own experiences, and free-write. The speaking step encourages students to explain to a small group their ideas and verbalize their outlines. While a student is speaking, the other members of the group are listening, the fourth step, and outlining the speaker's thoughts. Next, the group discusses the speaker's ideas and presentation. This discussion is essential since it is the effective rewriting of something that has not been written yet. At last, the students are ready for the final step, writing. (HOD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A