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ERIC Number: ED257075
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
What Does Time Buy? Syntactic Accuracy and Discourse Fluency in ESL Composition.
Kroll, Barbara
In comparing 50 English as a second language (ESL) compositions written in class to 50 ESL compositions written at home, accuracy on the syntactic level and fluency on the discourse or rhetorical level for the home and class conditions were examined. The subjects, twenty-five undergraduate foreign students enrolled in special sections of freshman composition for international students at the University of Southern California (USC), were randomly drawn in a stratified random sample to represent the five largest foreign groups at USC. Each contributed four essays to the data base. Two were written in class and two were written at home. Syntactic accuracy was measured using a ratio of words per error. The measure used to evaluate discourse fluency was a holistic score designed to measure adherence to organization and coherence only. While tests showed no statistical significance to the differences in class and home preformance, many of the subjects did show improved performance at home on an individual basis. The comparison between scores achieved for syntactic accuracy and discourse fluency shows no relationship between the two scores on individual compositions. The report concludes that time does not buy much for students in the improvement of either their syntax or their organization, and that the level of performance in these two areas is not interdependent. (DF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A