ERIC Number: ED257036
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Jan-29
Reference Count: N/A
The Acquisition of Procedures from Text: A Production-System Analysis of Transfer of Training. Technical Report No. 16.
Kieras, David E.; Bovair, Susan
In the context of the currently developing theory of procedural knowledge and cognitive skill, the task of learning procedures from written instructions must involve the formation of production rules from the information available in the text. Since this process has not been explored in great depth, a study examined the relation of the production rule representation to transfer of training. Subjects learned procedures for operating a simple piece of equipment by reading step-by-step instructions. By measuring the reading time on individual steps and the accuracy of execution of the procedure, the acquisition of individual production rules was tracked. Since the procedures are related, some transfer of training was possible from procedures learned earlier. Results show that production rules, as a way to represent procedural knowledge, can provide a detailed account of the learning process, and that the transfer process is more similar to comprehension processes than to conventional practice mechanisms or Anderson's (1982) learning principles. (DF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor.