ERIC Number: ED257034
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Unpacking of a Multi-Component, Metacognitive Training Package.
Palincsar, Annemarie Sullivan
The ninth in a series of studies to improve the strategies that poor reading comprehenders use to study text began as a training study containing three components: strategies to be taught, instructional mode by which they would be taught, and the metacognitive environment for the instruction. After identifying four strategies that merited investigation, the instructional mode (reciprocal teaching) was selected. The metacognitive environment in which the instruction was instituted was then analyzed, and the basic instructional package was investigated in a series of five studies in which the teacher was either the investigator, a volunteer reading teacher, a recruited reading teacher, or a peer tutor. The setting was a resource room or classroom; the content was either selected expository passages from basal texts or science material; and the students were seventh graders having difficulty in comprehending. Results showed that dialogue and comprehension improved substantially over time. This work suggests that an effective reading instruction program requires the identification of complementary strategies that are modeled by an expert and acquired by the learner in a context reinforcing the usefulness of such strategies. (DF)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (69th, Chicago, IL, March 31-April 4, 1985).