ERIC Number: ED257012
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Anatomy of Negative Affect in Working-Class Marriages.
Krokoff, Lowell Jay
Most of the observational study of marriage has focused on relatively young and highly educated couples from professional backgrounds. Very little is known about the generality of this observational research to couples whose marital philosophies have been influenced by a different array of socioeconomic conditions and secular trends. Satisfied and dissatisfied married couples (N=120 couples) from blue- and white-collar social classes participated in an observational study of marriage. Of these, blue-collar couples (N=28), divided equally among the maritally satisfied and dissatisfied, tape-recorded a problem-solving discussion in their homes. Tapes were then coded for problem-solving content and for nonverbal affect using the Couple's Interaction Scoring System. The findings revealed that: (1) the agreement and proposal codes emerged as the best predictors of negative affect; (2) the responses of the wives were implicated more than those of the husbands in the differential levels of negative affect in working-class marriages; and (3) the degree of emotional linkage in the dyad over time varied directly with the level of negative affect in the interaction. These results suggest that the same interactional style involved in the dysfunction of white-collar marriages operates in the blue-collar world. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Family Relations (San Francisco, CA, October 16-20, 1984). For related research, see CG 018 235.