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ERIC Number: ED257010
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Neuroticism and Physicians' and Self-Ratings of Health.
Stock, William A.; And Others
Although self-rated health is an important topic in social gerontology, relatively few studies have examined the predictors of these self-evaluations. Data from the Second Duke Longitudinal Study were used to examine the relationships among neuroticism, physician-rated health, and self-rated health. Physicians' ratings of health were used to assess objective health status, and self-rated health was predicted concurrently and prospectively in middle-aged and older adults in four test dates at 2-year intervals. Wave 1 and 4 self-ratings of health on a ladder scale were the dependent variables in two separate hierarchical regressions. In each analysis, the independent variables were entered in three steps: (1) control variables (age, sex, income, education); (2) physicians' ratings and neuroticism; and (3) the hypothesized effect, the physicians' ratings by neuroticism interactions. Analyses based on data from the first and fourth test dates on 178 men and 179 women revealed that subjects exhibited average levels of neuroticism, low levels of physician-assessed health impairment, and perceptions of good health. The results indicate that neuroticism and physicians' ratings were substantial, and only additive, contributors to self-ratings of health. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A