ERIC Number: ED256981
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Attending to Experimental Construct Validity in the Evaluation of Cognitive and Behavioral Treatments for Depression.
McNamara, Kathleen; Horan, John J.
Two current approaches to the conceptualization and treatment of depression have received considerable attention from the scientific community. The cognitive approach (Beck) posits that depression derives from negatively distorted beliefs that must be challenged in the context of cognitive therapy until they are replaced with positive and realistic thought patterns. The behavioral approach (Lewinsohn) views depression as a consequence of reinforcement deprivation, suggesting that treatment be directed toward increasing the frequency and variety of pleasure-producing activities. Clients (N=40) seeking service at a university counseling center were randomly assigned to one of four treatment conditions (cognitive, behavioral, combined, control). Pre- and post-test measures of depression included four cognitive measures, three behavioral scales, and two diagnostic inventories. Analysis of data revealed that the cognitive treatment factor produced a consistent and durable impact on devices reflecting cognitive manifestations of depression; some generalization to the behavioral domain occurred as well. The behavioral factors failed to produce improvement within the corresponding behavioral assessment battery or on any cognitive device. The obtained pattern of convergent and divergent outcomes indicated considerable construct-valid strength for cognitive therapy applied to a moderately depressed population. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (69th, Chicago, IL, March 31-April 4, 1985).