ERIC Number: ED256980
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-May
Reference Count: 0
Factors Influencing Teacher Burnout.
Raquepaw, Jayne; deHaas, Patricia A.
Burnout is a syndrome of emotional exhaustion and cynicism frequently occurring among human services professionals. Education is one profession whose members are particularly susceptible to burnout. There is a need to identify causes of burnout and possible ameliorative strategies, as perceived by teachers. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), a measure of the burnout syndrome consisting of three subscales (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, personal accomplishment), was administered to 101 high school teachers. Teachers also answered questions on demographics, the teaching profession, perceived causes of burnout, and ways to decrease burnout. The results indicated no significant relationship between demographic characteristics and scores on the MBI subscales. Attitudes about leaving the teaching profession were significantly related to all three subscales, and length of employment correlated negatively with how often teachers thought of leaving the profession. The five most frequently cited causes of burnout were lack of administrative support, lack of parental and community support, workload, low student motivation, and discipline problems. Developing a positive relationship with the administration, decreasing teacher workload, receiving more parental and community support, and developing effective disciplinary procedures were the most frequently suggested strategies for decreasing burnout. (The survey used in the study is appended). (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (56th, Chicago, IL, May 3-5, 1984).