ERIC Number: ED256972
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug-28
Reference Count: 0
Motivational Strategies for Young Professionals in the Human Services.
Many of the caring and socializing functions formerly provided by primary groups, such as the family or church, now are assumed by formal institutions. The quality of life in our society increasingly has been influenced by human service professionals. Motivational problems for these professionals can adversely affect their performance and can occur anytime in their training or careers; however, there is evidence suggesting that initial career experiences can be particularly important. An in-depth, longitudinal study of 28 new human service professionals (lawyers, nurses, mental health professionals, and high school teachers) revealed that the work motivation of many new professionals declined during the first year of their careers. The amount of motivational decline seemed to be strongly related to the degree of stress which they encountered in their jobs. Four aspects of the job were particularly important as sources of stress: ambiguity, professional-bureaucratic role conflict, professional-client relationship, and the absence of formal, organizational concern about the quality of work life. These stress areas suggest several motivational strategies to be employed in pre-service training and on the job that could help new professionals sustain their motivation, e.g., interpersonal helping skills, organizational conflict resolution skills, and management development. (NRB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented in the symposium "New Approaches to Early Career Development: Solutions for Declining Motivation" at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).