ERIC Number: ED256971
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Gender Differences in Career, Marriage and Family Expectations of College Students.
Anselmi, Dina L.; Smith, Kathleen M.
While women are more involved in work outside the home and changes in traditional role orientations are occurring, the nature and extent of such changes remain unclear. A questionnaire was administered to 126 male and 94 female college students to examine their career, marriage, and family expectations. The results indicated that although career, marriage, and family were all very important to both men and women, women rated marriage as more important than did men and men were more likely to expect to have a career at age 40 than were women. In the area of occupational aspirations, business, social science, and law had the highest frequencies for females, while business, medicine, and computers had the highest frequencies for males. Women were more likely to see themselves doing housework, part-time work, or volunteer work, whereas men were likely to see themselves employed full-time. Men rated prestige and salary as important reasons for occupational choice, while women emphasized a pleasant work setting and social interactions. Data on the relationship of marriage and family to career showed than men were more willing than women to relocate, work overtime, and work weekends for their own careers. (NRB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).