ERIC Number: ED256910
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Some Preliminary Readings for a Sociological Approach to ESL. NAAESC Occasional Papers, Volume 2, Number 3.
A sociological approach to English as a Second Language (ESL) instruction allows for convergence of perspectives from the sociology of education and from adult education. ESL programs for immigrants have historically been purposely designed to make newcomers incorporate the values and beliefs of people in power. Sociologists of education working in their field under a critical approach have developed theories of reproduction and of resistance. Reproduction theorists see education as an aspect of cultural reproduction in society or as a means to reproduce the economic structure of society. Theories of resistance seek to identify in the resistance to dominant culture a base for political action through counter-cultural intervention in educational institutions. Three basic assumptions are implicit in curriculum development: the negative approach to the nature and uses of conflict, the consideration of men and women as tacit recipients of values and institutions and not as potential creators and recreators of institutions and values, and the political and social nature of individual problems. (Examples from instructional materials illustrate these assumptions. One of these sources, "Language and Culture in Conflict" by Nina Wallerstein, is used to contrast the others, because it seeks to propose a basic ESL curriculum under a Freirian approach.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Northern Illinois Univ., DeKalb. Northern Area Adult Education Service Center.