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ERIC Number: ED256517
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Pages: 48
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Relationship between Observations of Affiliative Behavior Patterns for Parents and Toddlers and Parental Reports of Caregiving, Play and Support-Control Behaviors.
Diana, Mark S.
The purpose of this study was to extend understanding of affiliative interaction between parents and toddlers and to correlate affiliative behaviors with frequency and type of mothers' and fathers' caregiving activities, play experiences, and support-control interactions. The research was conducted with 10 families who each had one toddler between 15 and 23 months of age. Data were gathered using in-home observations and parental self-report questionnaires. Findings indicated that minimal differences exist between the behavioral styles, type of interactions, and activity patterns used by mothers as compared with those used by fathers. Findings are consistent with those of other researchers who have studied affiliative behavior in laboratory and structured in-home observation sessions. The only difference between mothers' and fathers' affiliative interaction with toddlers was found in the category of grooming behaviors: mothers were observed taking part in more grooming behaviors than fathers. This difference is seen as a minor one since the total number of grooming behaviors displayed by each parent was low. For mothers, higher frequencies of physical support behaviors were correlated with higher frequencies of affiliative interaction, whereas positive control interactions by fathers were highly correlated with frequency of affiliative interaction. Data also suggested that, especially among fathers, higher reported frequencies of support and positive control behaviors are correlated with higher frequencies of play activities. The appendices contain an observational chart and a parental questionnaire; these are followed by a six-page list of references. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A