ERIC Number: ED256504
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Development and Content of Children's Imitation in the Second and Third Years of Life.
In order to assess the potential role of imitation in early socialization, a study was conducted to investigate the content and development of children's imitative behavior in the home. Data consisted of incidents of immediate and deferred imitation collected over a 4- to 8-month period by mothers trained in observational recording. Subjects included 12 children who were 16 months old and 12 children who were 29 months old during the middle of the data collection period. Immediate imitations decreased with age, whereas deferred imitations increased with age. In terms of content, increases with age were found for (1) caretaking, self-care, and household task behaviors; (2) mannerisms and expressive behavior; and (3) other-directed discipline and control behaviors. Decreases with age were found for affective and miscellaneous noninstrumental behaviors. Differences in the content of children's imitations of parents and peers were also found. Findings suggested that the imitation of conventional social behaviors increases with age. (The active role of children in their own socialization is discussed.) (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, April 25-28, 1985). Research was also supported by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.