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ERIC Number: ED256481
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Stereotype Knowledge, Flexibility, and Gender Constancy: Applications of Gender Schema Theory to Sex-Typing by Preschoolers.
Carter, D. Bruce; And Others
An investigation was made of relationships between children's understanding of gender constancy, their conceptions of sex-role stereotypes, their perceptions of similarities between themselves and other children, and their schematic processing of gender-relevant choices. Forty-nine children between 36 and 73 months of age participated in a two-part interview which assessed gender constancy, knowledge and notions of flexibility in sex stereotypes, perceptions of similarities between themselves and pictured children, preferences for sex-typed toys, and schematic-based processing of toy preferences. Overall analyses indicated that children's knowledge of sex-role stereotypes for their own and the opposite sex and their preferences for sex-appropriate, neutral, and inappropriate toys were best predicted by their level of gender schematization. Gender constancy stage was unrelated to any of the dependent measures. Finally, children's perceptions of similarities between themselves and other children appeared to focus largely on gender and toy-stereotype characteristics regardless of the age, stage of gender constancy, or degree of gender schematization. Findings support the use of a gender schematic approach to sex-role socialization and challenge the use of the construct of gender constancy. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A