ERIC Number: ED256344
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Tying It All Together: Synthesizing Strategies for Computer-Based Instruction.
Wilson, Brent G.
Computer based instruction (CBI) is composed of individual frames viewed one at a time. Compared to a typical textbook, CBI restricts the adult learner's capacity to access information from different parts of the lesson and to view complex presentations. Designers of CBI must compensate for these limitations by making a concerted effort to synthesize or tie together content parts, resulting in a coherent, stable cognitive structure in the learner's mind. Synthesizing strategies include: (1) using hard copy adjunct aids such as diagrams, figures, and content outlines; (2) implementing learner control features such as the menu and HELP options; (3) using graphic synthesizers such as lesson maps, diagrams, and other figures to periodically orient the learner toward the content structure; (4) using animation, graphics, sound, and timing to highlight structurally central content parts; (5) using verbal synthesizers such as analogies, stories, and advance organizers to relate content to familiar experience; and (6) providing integrated practice and other opportunities allowing the application of multiple skills to complex problems. This report concludes by relating research on CBI strategies to a framework for instructional science and discussing potential research questions. (Author/LMM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (Anaheim, CA, January 17-23, 1985). For entire proceedings, see IR 011 621.