ERIC Number: ED256046
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Cost-Effectiveness Predictors in Chapter 1 Programs: The Minnesota Example.
Fitzgerald, Nicholas B.; Hunt, Rodney K.
Reductions in the funding of compensatory education along with observed discrepancies in per-pupil cost among equally effective schools created a compelling case for the study of the determinants of cost-effective Chapter 1 programs in the state of Minnesota. Cost-effectiveness (CE) indexes for Chapter 1 reading and math services reflected a ratio between a district's weighted mean normal curve equivalent gain and the average per-pupil cost. A random sample of 141 Chapter 1 programs participated in the study with a database consisting of a merged file of fiscal and classroom variables. Multiple regression analysis was used in a cross-validation design to develop CE models predictive of Chapter 1 reading and math programs. The final set of predictors was conceived as two composites: the first set largely under the control of state education agency administrators and the second under local education agency program managers. The first composite is a district size effect: Chapter 1 projects in larger districts are more cost-effective than those in smaller districts. The primary implication of this finding points to the need to consolidate smaller Chapter 1 projects into larger districts. The second composite shows cost-effective practices and policies found in larger Chapter 1 projects. These include teacher aide programs, shorter time blocks for math instruction, and an emphasis on small group, inclass instruction. Five technical appendixes are included: expanded regression models, regression summary tables, correlation matrix, T-test tables, and cross-validation tables. (Author/TE)
Descriptors: Class Size, Compensatory Education, Consolidated Schools, Cost Effectiveness, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Programs, Government School Relationship, Mathematics Instruction, Program Effectiveness, Reading Instruction, Regression (Statistics), Resource Allocation, School District Reorganization, School District Size
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education Consolidation Improvement Act Chapter 1