ERIC Number: ED255807
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Reducing a Child's Television Viewing with a Token-Actuated Timer.
Jason, Leonard A.
While many studies have documented the negative consequences of excessive television watching, few behavioral programs have investigated techniques for reducing television viewing. A 13-year-old girl who watched from 6 to 9 hours of television daily was provided a behavioral program featuring a token-actuated timer in an attempt to reduce her television viewing time. Baseline data were obtained from parent reports of viewing time for 7 days, and by timer assessed viewing patterns for 10 days. This was followed by a 10-day interval when tokens to be used with the timer were earned by prosocial activities. Each token activated the television for 30 minutes. Immediate reductions in television viewing were found when the child was on the token exchange system. During a 9-day return to baseline phase, increases in viewing were noted, and reductions again occurred with re-exposure to the token condition for 45 days. Following this more extensive intervention, improvement was maintained during the subsequent return to baseline phase. At a 6-month follow-up, when the token-actuated meter was re-attached to the television and the child was given free access to tokens, the child averaged 2.1 hours of television viewing per day. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).