ERIC Number: ED255585
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Jul-26
Reference Count: N/A
Exploratory Study of Levels of Cognitive Skills in Achievement Goals Program, Comprehensive Test of Basic Skills, and a Commercial Program Using the Taxonomy of Educational Objectives.
San Diego City Schools, CA. Evaluation Services Dept.
Using Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (1956), this study explores whether the San Diego Schools are teaching and/or testing higher level cognitive skills. The Taxonomy arranges cognitive processes in ascending order in six areas; (1) recall of knowledge; (2) comprehension; (3) application; (4) analysis; (5) synthesis; and (6) evaluation. Portions of district-created reading materials from the Achievement Goals Program (AGP) and the District English Language Program, commercial reading programs created by a national publisher (Houghton-Mifflin) and a nationally used standardized norm-referenced test, the Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills (CTBS) for grades 5, 6, and 8 are analyzed. Recommendations include: (1) developing activities and tests structured to the higher cognitive levels; (2) using the Taxonomy as a guide for preparing and evaluating materials; (3) providing inservice teacher training in the use of higher level activities and questions; (4) using district influence on commercial publishers to incorporate the higher taxonomy levels into their materials; and (5) extending Taxonomy analyses to other subject areas. Appendices contain: (1) additional information on, plus the instrumentation of, the Taxonomy; and (2) the unit tests for Level 14, Windows and Walls (Ginn), Level 15 Orbits and Opportunities (Ginn), and the Unit Mastery Test A for English 8, Unit 8. (In the study, Ginn program materials have now been replaced by Houghton-Mifflin.) (BS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: San Diego City Schools, CA. Evaluation Services Dept.