ERIC Number: ED255267
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
The Community College in America: A Short History. Revised.
Vaughan, George B.
A historical overview is provided of the development of community and junior colleges in the United States. Following introductory comments on the influences affecting the character and growth of the two-year college, the origins of the community college are traced. Emphasis is placed on the Morrill Act of 1862, views of 19th and early 20th Century educational leaders, the contributions of William Rainey Harper, California legislation, the founding of the American Association of Junior Colleges, and early writings on the junior college. Next, historical events influencing the establishment of the community college mission are highlighted, including the 1944 GI Bill of Rights, the 1947 President's Commission on Higher Education for American Democracy, and the postwar leadership of Jesse P. Bogue. Next, the boom years of the community colleges are discussed in terms of the rise of statewide systems and state support in the 1960's and 1970's; the advent of the open door philosophy; student aid legislation; changes in leadership and mission; and new services and clientele. The final chapter analyzes the current status of the community college, focusing on changing patterns of governance, the role of the Association of Community College Trustees, the Presidents Academy, political influences, the evolving mission, enrollment trends, faculty characteristics, the development of a body of literature on community colleges, the role of the ERIC Clearinghouse for Junior Colleges, the influence of Dale Parnell on the two-year college field, and future concerns. (LAL)
Descriptors: College Programs, College Role, Community Colleges, Educational History, Educational Legislation, Educational Philosophy, Professional Associations, State Colleges, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges
American Association of Community and Junior Colleges, One Dupont Circle, NW, Suite 410, Washington, DC 20036 ($6.00; $5.00 bulk rate).
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Association of Community and Junior Colleges, Washington, DC.
Note: Revised and updated edition of ED 220 140.