ERIC Number: ED255161
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: N/A
Rewarding Merit: Assessing the Role of Federal Student Aid.
Miller, Scott E.
Ideas for federal student aid programs that are based on merit or academic achievement are discussed, along with the relationship of this approach to other federal student aid programs. Attention is focused on rewarding merit to the undergraduate student. Recent proposals have been introduced in Congress to promote academic excellence and to encourage students to pursue studies in technological fields and teaching. Most of the plans would establish special grant programs for these students or make them eligible for loan forgiveness. Awarding and honoring excellence largely has been the province of private organizations and postsecondary institutions; the federal government has played only a minor role in rewarding academic achievement. It is suggested that the federal government may not be the most appropriate source of merit awards. Problems could arise over the use of subjective eligibility criteria for federal merit aid, and conflict could result over the dollars devoted to merit aid not based on need. In some senses, the private sector has an advantage over the federal government in meeting shortages or other special needs. In addition, there is no clear evidence that government or private efforts to reward excellence or prompt students to pursue certain vocations have been highly effective. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, College Students, Federal Aid, Government Role, Higher Education, Policy Formation, Position Papers, Private Financial Support, Public Policy, Recognition (Achievement), Scholarship Funds, Student Financial Aid
American Council on Education, Division of Policy Analysis and Research, One Dupont Circle, Washington, DC 20036-1193 (limited supply, free).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: EXXON Education Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: American Council on Education, Washington, DC. Div. of Policy Analysis and Research.