ERIC Number: ED255105
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Student Development: Does Participation Affect Growth?
Hood, Albert A.
ACU-I Bulletin, v52 n6 p16-19 Dec 1984
Student development along three cognitive and three psychosocial dimensions was studied at the University of Iowa. Six instruments were administered to students during their freshman and senior years. Attention was directed to moral development, ego development, and conceptual level, as well as freeing interpersonal relationships, establishing identity, and developing purpose. Each of the three measures of cognitive development showed significant increases in the seniors' scores over their freshman scores. No consistent pattern of college experiences was found to be related to growth on the cognitive measures. For the interpersonal measures, scores showed students' developed increased tolerance and acceptance of differences among individuals and also increased their capacity for mature and intimate relationships, along with growth in confidence and sexual identity. Study results indicate that participation in various types of extracurricular activities such as those provided by college unions is related to growth in certain psychosocial areas of development. Intervention strategies that deal with students' psychosocial needs and increased emphasis on the cultural, recreational, and social development in college union programming are recommended. (SW)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, College Freshmen, College Seniors, College Students, Developmental Stages, Extracurricular Activities, Higher Education, Individual Development, Interpersonal Competence, Longitudinal Studies, Psychological Characteristics, Student Development, Student Participation, Student Unions
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Counselors; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Association of College Unions-International, Bloomington, IN.