ERIC Number: ED254966
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Mother-Infant Communication: Strategies and Routines with Sensory Intact, Hearing Impaired and Visually Impaired Infants.
Bremer, Deborah Chen; Franklin, Barbara
A quasi-longitudinal descriptive approach was used to examine mother-infant communication in three groups of three children each: (1) sensory intact infants, (2) visually impaired infants, and (3) hearing impaired infants. Procedures involved initial and final home visits and six monthly play sessions which were videotaped for approximately 20 minutes in the home. Videotapes were analyzed via measures of infant cognitive, communicative, and temperamental qualities (including the Receptive/Expressive Emergent Language Scale, the Symbolic Play Scale, and the Maternal Interview). Maternal utterances were coded and segments of the videotapes were examined and classified according to type of interaction. Findings revealed group differences in frequency of maternal utterance type (including that mothers of hearing impaired and visually impaired children used a greater number of requests for action than requests for information) and in the frequency of exchange-routine types (including that hearing impaired dyads used a greater number of action-based than reference-based routines while visually impaired dyads used an almost equal number of action-based and reference-based routines). Recommendations centered on the use of exchange types for observation and facilitation of communication. (CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Div. of Special Education.
Authoring Institution: San Francisco State Univ., CA. Dept. of Special Education.