ERIC Number: ED254827
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Salience, Similes, and the Asymmetry of Similarity. Technical Report No. 332.
Ortony, Andrew; And Others
Models of similarity have traditionally assumed that the similarity relation is symmetrical. However, when reversed, similarity statements frequently have different properties from those of the original. Previous attempts to account for the asymmetry of similarity have focused only on literal comparisons, resulting in a tendency to underestimate the degree of asymmetry in nonliteral comparisons, that is, similes. In a model of similarity proposed to account for the varying degrees of asymmetry found in all kinds of natural language comparisons, asymmetry is attributed to an imbalance in the salience of the shared attributes. Studies that have tested key aspects of the model appear to provide converging evidence for the claim that asymmetry is due at least in part to salience imbalance. (Author/HOD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Academy of Education, Washington, DC.; National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.