ERIC Number: ED254797
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Sex Role Stereotyping on Sport Participation.
The extent to which an individual's experience with and participation in athletic activities is constrained by gender connotation of the sport, sex of the individual, and the individual's classification on the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) was examined. A Sports Participation Questionnaire was completed by 80 university students selected on the basis of their BSRI scores to provide equal numbers of male and female sex-typed, cross sex-typed, androgynous, and undifferentiated subjects. Subjects' scores for overall experience were entered into a two (sex) by four (BSRI) by three (category appropriateness) analysis of variance with repeated measures on the last factor. No sex differences were found for overall sport experience or participation. Males and females both preferred neutral sports the most, followed by sex-appropriate and then by sex-inappropriate sports. Sex-typed males reported significantly less experience and participation with sex-inappropriate sports than did androgynous and undifferentiated males. Sex-typed females reported significantly less participation in sex-inappropriate sports than did androgynous and cross-sex-typed females. Sex-typed subjects paid more attention to gender when deciding to reject sex-inappropriate sports than did androgynous and undifferentiated subjects. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).