ERIC Number: ED254762
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Jan-6
Reference Count: 0
Beyond Adjustment: Parameters of Successful Resolution of Bereavement.
Rubin, Simon Shimshon
The problem of human response to loss is complex. To approach understanding of this process it is valuable to use a number of models. Phenomenologically the application of a temporal matrix divides the reaction into three useful heuristic and empirical stages: initial, acute grief (1-3 months); mourning (1-2 years); and post-mourning, with no set time limit. Another approach involves separating the affective and behavioral functions that accompany the bereavement response. The adaptive goal of the bereavement response is the assimilation of the reality of the loss. Successful resolution refers to a positive quality in the bereaved's relationship with the internal model or representation of the deceased, and not to the death itself. Assessing resolution is a clinical judgment regarding the state of this bi-directional relationship between the other and self. Resolution implies that the bereaved is neither compulsively preoccupied with, nor avoiding of, the internal representation of the deceased. The treatment problems in the management of the relationship involve examination of the current status of the bereaved and his/her recollections of the other; by looking for change and evolution, resolution can be approached, while leaving room for the relationship. (MCF)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Counselors; Support Staff; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Revised version of a paper presented at the Third International Congress on Psychological Stress and Adjustment in Time of War and Peace (Tel Aviv, Israel, January 6, 1983). Best copy available.