ERIC Number: ED254760
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Mental Health Consequences of Criminal Victimization: A Random Community Survey.
Kilpatrick, Dean G.; And Others
Crime victims and their problems have become the focus of considerable attention. In order to determine the effects of sexual assault versus other types of violent crime, and of completed crimes versus those attempted but not completed, 2,004 adult women (a response rate of 84.1%) completed telephone inteviews with female interviewers. Subjects were contacted using random digit dialing. On the basis of their responses to screening questions, respondents were classified into victimization groups ranging from completed forcible rape to aggravated assault to nonvictims, and then were asked questions relating to their overall mental health. The results indicated that victims of violent crimes other than rape experienced some of the same mental health problems (nervous breakdowns, suicide attempts) experienced by victims of rape and sexual molestation. However, the victms of rape and attempted molestation were found to have problems more frequently than other types of victims. While the mental health consequences of completed rape were found to be much worse than attempted rape, attempted molestation and attempted robbery had more negative mental health consequences than did the completed crimes. There was strong evidence that victimization had a profound negative impact on the mental health of victims, and that the majority of these problems came after the victimization experience. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984). Also sponsored by a grant from the Medical University of South Carolina.