ERIC Number: ED254759
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-May
A New Taxonomy of Cognitive Strategies for the Management of Pain.
Fernandez, Ephrem P.
This paper presents cognitive strategies as one major approach to pain management. They are discussed as part of a trimodal system of pain management that also includes behavioral manipulations and physical intervention. The need for a standardized classification to deal with terminological inconsistency in the literature on cognitive management of pain is discussed, and a taxonomy of pain management strategies is proposed. The taxonomy offers a framework for comparison of strategies and their differing effects. Cognitive strategies are defined as techniques that influence pain through the medium of thoughts or cognitions. Three strategy categories are discussed: (1) imagery, which is subdivided into compatible emotive imagery and incompatible sensory imagery; (2) self-statements, which may be coping or reinterpretative; and (3) attention-diversion, which may be active or passive. (JAC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A