ERIC Number: ED254733
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Voluntary Midlife Career Changers: Who Are They? Why Do They Change Careers? and What Are the Roles Education and Counseling Can Play?
A study looked at voluntary midlife career changers to discover who they are, why they change careers, and what barriers they face. It also explored the roles education and counseling play in helping midlife career changers achieve their goals. The methodology employed was a literature review. Four types of midlife career changers were identified based on the amount of external pressure and extent of personal desire to change careers. The types differed significantly on a number of variables. Personnel administrators were found to have negative attitudes about career changers. Recent research-based evidence did not validate in any large measure these opinions. Determinants for voluntary career changes were dissatisfaction, attraction, obstacles, personal factors, and social changes. Continuing education--both planned educational programs conducted by institutions and self-planned and self-managed learning activities--was identified as likely to be used by midlife career changers. To help career changers, vocational counselors were recommended to focus on a more holistic view of career development, aid in grief management, and help alleviate special problems facing returning women. Conclusions were that attempts be made to change attitudes of personnel managers and to educate vocational counselors regarding midlife career changers. (YLB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Document contains light type.