ERIC Number: ED254617
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Work in a World of High Technology: Problems and Prospects for Economically Disadvantaged Workers. State-of-the-Art Paper.
Noyelle, Thierry J.
This paper attempts to analyze the changing nature of work in today's economy and to investigate employment problems and mobility opportunities for disadvantaged workers. Principal dimensions of employment opportunities in the "old economy" of the 1950s and 1960s are highlighted, and the impact of the emergence of the "new economy" on the aggregate structure of employment opportunities is identified. A short review follows of how major groups of disadvantaged workers have fared vis-a-vis this new structure of employment opportunities. The analysis of the transformation of employment opportunities is refined to show how the postwar expansion of the higher education system and recent technological advances have acted to alter required skills, the process of skill acquisition, and job characteristics. These major conclusions are reached: the trend towards labor market "bifurcation" need not imply that all jobs in the labor market's lower tiers are becoming de-skilled, labor market misadjustments are occurring that require attention, the economy's continuing shift from manual to cognitive processes will continue to place a premium on better schooling and higher level training and retraining, and vocational and higher education institutions will continue to assume increasing importance in opening avenues for upward mobility. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adults, Career Education, Computers, Economically Disadvantaged, Employment Opportunities, Employment Problems, Higher Education, Job Skills, Job Training, Labor Force, Labor Market, Occupational Information, Occupational Mobility, Retraining, Skill Development, Technological Advancement, Telecommunications, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Tennessee Univ., Knoxville. Office for Research in High Technology Education.
Note: For related documents, see CE 040 115-126. Product of the "High Technology Education: A Program of Work" Project.