ERIC Number: ED254555
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
A Reanalysis of the WISC-R Factorial Structure of Gifted Children.
Brown, Scott W.; Yakimowski, Mary E.
The purpose of this study was to replicate previous factor analytical studies of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) employing children identified as gifted. However, rather than using the IQ criterion, a child's 11 WISC-R subtest scores were included in the analysis. Subsamples of gifted (as classified by local school districts) and average children were created from 599 WISC-R protocols contributed by 25 school psychologists. A Principal Components Factor Analysis with a Varimax rotation yielded different factor solutions: (1) the average sample yielded two factors, verbal ability and perceptual organization, which are consistent with Weschler's findings; and (2) the gifted sample yielded four factors, identified as perceptual organization, verbal ability, acquisition of knowledge, and alertness and attention to detail. These differences in factor structures suggest major differences in the cognitive processes of gifted and average students. Gifted program selection procedures focusing only on IQ scores may be inappropriate. (BS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children