ERIC Number: ED254480
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
The New Population Debate: Two Views on Population Growth and Economic Development. Population Trends and Public Policy, Number 7.
King, Timothy; Kelley, Allen C.
Articles representing two views on the issue of rapid population growth and economic development are presented. Although the authors present different perspectives, they agree on many of the fundamentals. For example, both reject alarmism about impending "population explosions" and the use of population as a scapegoat for all Third World ills. Together, their research casts rapid population growth in the role it is now understood to play: not as the sole cause of underdevelopment, but as an accomplice aggravating other existing problems. In the first article, "Population and Development: Back to First Principles," Timothy King of the World Bank counters views expressed by Julian Simon in "The Ultimate Resource" (e.g., Simon's position that the global situation with respect to the supply of raw materials, energy, and food is not as bad as people think). King emphasizes the need to examine population problems country by country since "global trends mask a variety of conditions." In the second article, "The Population Debate: A Status Report and Revisionist Interpretation," Allen C. Kelley of Purdue University calls for an interpretation of the role of population growth in economic development which de-emphasizes some of the traditional hypothesized direct influences of population. Kelley characterizes rapid population growth as a catalyst that brings other problems to a head faster and limits the time in which political solutions must be found. This consensus on the role of rapid population growth is displayed in the authors' analyses of the African food crisis of the 1980s. King sees limited technology and weak incentive to producers as the main culprits, while Kelley attributes famine to inadequate distribution of food and income. (LH)
Descriptors: Debate, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Global Approach, Hunger, Overpopulation, Population Growth, World Problems
Circulation Dept., Population Reference Bureau, Inc., P.O. Box 35012, Washington, D.C. 20013 ($3.00; prepaid plus postage and handling).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Population Reference Bureau, Inc., Washington, DC.