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ERIC Number: ED254453
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Ancient Buddhist Education.
Pollak, Susan
Traditional Buddhist education centered solely around the monasteries, since the Buddhist world did not offer educational opportunities apart from its monasteries. All education, religious as well as secular, was controlled by the monks, and involved the initiation ceremony into the Buddhist Order, the education of the monk, the viharus or residential schools, the monk's instruction, course content, teaching methods, and public education including primary education and vocational education. The atmosphere of learning is best described in the Jakata stories, which contain historical and educational information. Buddhist educational practices varied in different countries and at different periods of time; specific examples are Buddhist education as practiced in Burma, Japan, and Tibet. The main features of the Buddhist educational system included the serving of the master (physically and emotionally) and the observance of the vows of chastity and poverty. Education was primarily oral and based on Buddhist scriptures; debate was a key feature. Many Buddhist teachers were wandering scholar-monks. A seven-page list of project research papers concludes the document. (RM)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Bernard Van Leer Foundation, The Hague (Netherlands).
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Graduate School of Education.
Identifiers - Location: Burma; China; Japan