ERIC Number: ED254451
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Some Issues in the Historiography of Childhood and Youth.
In order to develop an understanding of the history of childhood, an interdisciplinary approach is needed. Such an analysis presents special challenges, since different traditions of inquiry and interpretation generate different research questions and correspondingly divergent versions of the past and its relationship to the present. At this point the phrase "history of childhood" means different things to different people. To Philippe Aries ("Centuries of Childhood") it means understanding how the concept of childhood emerged culturally as a separate stage of human development. Aries has been heavily criticized for not fully considering the relationship of socioeconomic conditions and ideological trends and transformations. A different point of view comes from those who take a psychohistorical perspective, which emphasizes the effect of different childrearing styles and environmental characteristics on child development. The third perspective comes from authors who stress the relationship of demographic, economic, and sociological factors to the emergence of modern beliefs and practices concerning children. In order for a complete understanding of the history of childhood to emerge, all these perspectives must be considered. A seven-page list of project research papers concludes the document. (IS)
Publication Type: Reports - General; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bernard Van Leer Foundation, The Hague (Netherlands).
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Graduate School of Education.