ERIC Number: ED254348
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Development and Use of a Language Arts Computer Software Program Appropriate for Special Needs Children.
For a school year, a language arts software program was used to help special needs children in Marblehead, Massachusetts who represented a range of learning disabilities and emotional, behavioral and physical disorders of varying degrees of severity. The program had three major components, entitled "Nouns,""Verbs," and "Adjectives." These components encompassed both drill and practice sections and creative writing. The following general principles applying to special needs children were incorporated in the program: individualization, personalized instruction, repetitions of principles and vocabulary, self-paced activity, ease of use, positive response to answers, and hierarchy of skills in exercise design. The study included 30 second through sixth graders, evenly divided between an experimental and a control group. Language sections of McGraw Hill's Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills (CTBS) were used as pretest and posttest measures of academic change, while the Coopersmith's Self-Esteem Inventory and anecdotal data recorded feelings of self-worth before and after intervention. Of the four areas addressed in the study through the CTBS testing, two met expected gains (vocabulary and spelling) and two did not (language mechanics and language expression). The experimental group showed an increase of 3.07 points on the Self-Esteem Inventory, while the controls registered a decrease of 1.20 points. Case studies and charts indicating each child's academic and affective gains are provided. Among other materials, appendices include the questionnaire for teachers; the self-esteem inventory; a sample log; and data on changes in vocabulary, spelling, language mechanics, language expression, and self-esteem scores. (AS)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Practicum Papers; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Practicum Report, Nova University.