ERIC Number: ED254035
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
An Analysis of State Special Education Finance Formulas. Final Report.
State special education finance formulas were collected and analyzed from the perspectives of both special and general education administrators at state and local levels. The 50 state formulas used in 1980-81 were classified into major categories (flat grant, minimum foundation program, percentage equalizing, percentage matching, full state funding of excess cost of special education). Advantages and disadvantages of the formulas were then examined according to five evaluative criteria: equity, administrative efficiency, adequacy, objectivity, and flexibility. A panel of experts evaluated the performance of the evaluative criteria from the four administrative perspectives through a questionnaire. Major findings included the following: a common terminology for describing formulas may be applied to both special education and general education finance formulas; flat grant and minimum foundation programs were the most commonly used formulas; fiscal equalization was an important factor in classifying formulas and in formula performance, particularly when funding was limited; weighting may influence placement of special education students; the influence of administrative role on preferences was present but not pervasive; and full state funding of excess costs achieved the most satisfactory overall performance on the evaluative criteria. (Author/CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg.