ERIC Number: ED254033
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Jul-30
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of Early Intervention, PL 94-142 and Other Factors on Mainstreaming. Final Report, 3/1/83-4/30/84.
Weissman, Carol Sacker; And Others
Two separate studies were conducted to determine what factors contributed to and predicted mainstreaming of handicapped youngsters, and to study the impact of early intervention and P.L. 94-142 (the Education for All Handicapped Children Act) on mainstreaming. In Study A, 434 elementary-level special education student records were examined, and subsequent student placement 1 year later was recorded. Current IQ, data on the family's stability, and a rating of the student's hostile behavior, were the variables that tended to discriminate the most between handicapped youngsters who were placed in less restrictive educational settings and those who remained in a segregated special education school. Study B examined the impact of early intervention (no preschool, regular school, special education preschool) on educational placement in the mainstream continuum for 281 handicapped children, aged 5-8, and compared the amount and type of mainstreaming before and after the implementation of P.L. 94-142. No significant trends were found in either case. However, higher socioeconomic status of parents, regardless of type of early intevention, seemed to indicate a trend toward mainstreaming after the implementation of P.L. 94-142. (JW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education for All Handicapped Children Act