ERIC Number: ED254008
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Sep
National Census of Residential Facilities: Fiscal Year 1982. Center for Residential and Community Services, Project Report No. 19.
Hauber, Florence A.; And Others
Data are reported from the 1982 census of licensed residential facilities for mentally retarded people. Findings (by state as well as by the Department of Health and Human Services Region) are reported for characteristics of the facility (number and type of facility, year of opening, type of operator, rate of placement by size of facility, reimbursement rates) and of the residents (age and level of retardation, functional limitations, resident movement). Conclusions indicate that an extended array of residential alternatives are available, with nearly one-third of the states having residential programs represented by each of six general facility types. Despite growth in smaller community-based facilities in recent years the primary provider of residential services is still the large group residence. While over 70% of mentally retarded residents still live in rather large facilities, there has been a shift in the direction of private operation of facilities and smaller facility sizes. Resident characteristics vary by type and size of facility. Data support the trend towards increased age at first admission to residential care and decentralization of living arrangements. Among problematic issues identified are the need to develop resident based reimbursement systems and to accommodate individuals with severe disabilities. (CL)
Descriptors: Census Figures, Demography, Mental Retardation, Residential Institutions, Residential Programs, Statistical Analysis, Statistical Data
Center for Residential and Community Services, Department of Educational Psychology, University of Minnesota, 207 Pattee Hall, 150 Pillsbury Dr., S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455 ($5.00 postpaid).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Health Care Financing Administration (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Dept. of Educational Psychology.