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ERIC Number: ED253986
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Treatment of Self-Injurious Behavior in Profoundly Retarded Autistic Children.
Holden, E. Wayne; And Others
Three aversive conditioning programs were conducted to deal with self-injurious behavior at a residential facility for autistic, brain damaged and retarded children and adolescents. In study 1, mild electric shock paired with a neutral stimulus was moderately effective in decreasing lip biting and head striking in an autistic 15-year-old. Case 2 featured a treatment program in which an array of mild to moderate response contingent aversive consequences were used interchangeably to decrease head banging and head striking in an autistic 9-year-old. In study 3, the hand biting of a 6-year-old with severe developmental problems was significantly reduced by a mild aversive stimulus. Explanations for differences in rate of improvement and maintenance of change were offered. In all three cases, quicker suppression and maintenance of change across time were related to the ability to learn alternative responses and changes in the topography of self-injurious behavior. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A