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ERIC Number: ED253908
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Oct
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Speech and Theatre Education at Central College.
Smith, Glenn
Journal of Communication Studies, v3 n1 p25-27 Oct 1984
Speech education in Arkansas's institutions of higher learning has a long and illustrious history. In l89l, the Arkansas Baptist Association opened Central College for women to students ranging from first grade through college. The curriculum was departmentalized into preparatory, high school, and collegiate levels with a shared faculty for all departments. The college department was a four-year program authorized to award the bachelor's degrees of arts and science. The first faculty consisted of eight teachers, including two sisters who taught elocution. In the 1920s, the title of elocution was changed to expression, reflecting the national scene with the development of speech departments after 1914, and the birth of the National Association of Academic Teachers of Public Speaking. Another change was the initiation of the Bachelor of Oratory degree, the only one of its type in Arkansas. The most important change, however, came in 1922, when Central College was designated a junior college. Thereafter, until the school was closed in 1948, the Associate of Arts degree in oratory, or art, was presented to the students. The pedagogical approach to elocution/expression/speech throughout the years from 1892 to 1948 was to treat it as a cocurricular activity. The Central College speech faculty played an important role as leaders of their discipline in the community and at the state level, but their most important influence is very likely the personal and professional encouragement they gave to their students. In 1948 the Arkansas Baptist Association decided to change Central College to a coeducational institution and move the campus to Little Rock. The college was unable to survive the move and was closed permanently in 1950, ending a tradition of nearly 60 years of speech and theatre education. (HTH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A