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ERIC Number: ED253850
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Using Guided Fantasy to Teach Reading.
Walker, Barbara J.
Based on gestalt psychology, guided fantasy is a technique that uses sensory images related to a particular situation to create a subjective understanding of that experience. For the young child, guided fantasy can be a process of creating an inner subjective experience that is subsequently integrated with objective knowledge (language) to produce holistic learning. The method begins with a teacher-directed journey eliciting vivid imagery about an imaginary trip and using vocabulary words which are to be introduced. After the journey is complete, the students share their journey in pairs, verbalizing inner experiences immediately. The children are reminded that words signify the pictures and feelings they had when their eyes were closed. After the immediate sharing of the story, the students write a story that will symbolize the individual experiences each person had. Used as an approach to reading instruction, the fantasy experiences should incorporate target sight vocabulary so that inner journeys can produce a regular and controlled vocabulary. Subsequent fantasy experiences can be constructed to encourage the students to use these same words or other vocabulary words. After the story is recorded, skill development appropriate for each student's level can be created using the language patterns in the story. Starting with a preconceptual experience, fantasy experience allows reading to flow from a dream-like experience into meaningful written communication. A description of the use of a guided fantasy in a classroom is included in the document. (HOD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A