ERIC Number: ED253778
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Coping with the Stress of Potential Lay-Off and Worksite Re-Organization: A Test of the Buffering Hypothesis.
Weinberg, Richard B.
Two major classes of environmental stressors have been examined in life stress research: major life events and minor everyday hassles. To compare these two classes of stressors along with two stressful life events (threatened job loss and reorganization of the work setting), and to investigate the buffering effect of coping responses on stress-related strain, 139 employees of a mental health organization were surveyed. The state-funded organization had been threatened with shut-down and was undergoing a major restructuring in which supervisors, co-workers, and duties were changing. The participants were asked to complete a packet containing seven instruments designed to measure stress, coping, and health. A comparison of the strain scores of these subjects to normative data indicated that they were experiencing considerably high levels of acute strain. A composite index of stress, made up of the three classes of environmental stress, was found to be a better predictor of psychological and physical strain than any of the measures of which it was comprised. Stress and coping had an interactive effect on strain. Coping reduced state anxiety and enhanced general well-being in the high stress group; however, coping had little impact in the low stress group. The findings indicate that adaptive coping behaviors can effectively moderate life stresses. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-27, 1984).