ERIC Number: ED253627
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984
Reference Count: 0
Lessons Not Lost: The Effect of School Desegregation on the Rate of Residential Desegregation in Large Central Cities.
Pearce, Diana M.; And Others
The relationship between school desegregation and housing desegregation is the subject of this study, which used official census and school district data from the 25 central cities with black populations over 100,000 in 1980. Both school and housing desegregation were measured with the index of dissimilarity. Results show a clear correlation between school desegregation and housing desegregation. The southern cities, which typically experienced considerably more school desegregation than northern cities and at an earlier date, also experienced greater reduction in housing segregation. Other factors in addition to southern location may have caused both schools and housing to become desegregated, thus rendering the relationship between the latter two spurious. To test these possibilities, regression equations using region and five other variables were computed. The results do not suggest that the relationship between school desegregation and housing desegregation is spurious. Furthermore, a test of the hypothesis that school desegregation affects housing through white flight (in that the apparent increase in housing integration is really the middle stage of a city in massive racial transition) shows little support for the hypothesis. It is argued that the results suggest that school desegregation is the most effective way of countering housing segregation, thus providing an additional rationale for school desegregation. Following the narrative, appendices present material dealing with the cities and variables examined. (CMG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: May not reproduce well due to light type.